An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that forms in or on the ovaries. The most common type of ovarian cyst is a functional cyst. These cysts often form during the menstrual cycle—and frequently dissolve without treatment and are rarely cancerous.
There are also several other types of ovarian cysts that may require treatment, including those that grow large, and cause pain, which is the most common symptom of ovarian cysts. Some woman form endometriomas cysts, which are made of tissue that looks like the lining of the uterus, which attaches to the ovaries.
Other woman suffer from polycystic ovaries—a condition that causes many cysts to form overtime on the ovaries. These can grow very large. Some ovarian cysts are made up of many different types of cells, or form on the outer surface of ovaries.
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